Katalin Kulcsár will be the only Hungarian referee at the UEFA winter training camp

UEFA have announced the attendees for the UEFA winter training camp, due to take place in Majorca, Spain from the 27th - 29th January 2020. All UEFA Elite referees, both men and women, will attend the course. Hungary no longer have a male elite referee following the retirement of Viktor Kassai, leaving Katalin Kulcsár as the only representative from Hungary.

Men Elite
Alexey Kulbakov (Belarus, Elite)
Pavel Královec (Czech Republic, Elite)
Michael Oliver (England, Elite)
Anthony Taylor (England, Elite)
Benoît Bastien (France, Elite)
Clément Turpin (France, Elite)
Deniz Aytekin (Germany, Elite)
Felix Brych (Germany, Elite)
Felix Zwayer (Germany, Elite)
Anastasios Sidiropoulos (Greece, Elite)
Orel Grinfeeld (Israel, Elite)
Daniele Orsato (Italy, Elite)
Björn Kuipers (Netherlands, Elite)
Danny Makkelie (Netherlands, Elite)
Szymon Marciniak (Poland, Elite)
Artur Dias (Portugal, Elite)
Ovidiu Alin Haţegan (Romania, Elite)
István Kovács (Romania, Elite)
Sergey Karasev (Russia, Elite)
William Collum (Scotland, Elite)
Ivan Kružliak (Slovakia,  Elite)
Antonio Mateu Lahoz (Spain, Elite)
Jesús Gil Manzano (Spain, Elite)
Carlos Del Cerro Grande (Spain, Elite)
Damir Skomina (Slovenia, Elite)
Slavko Vinčić (Slovenia, Elite)
Cüneyt Çakır (Turkey, Elite)

Women Elite
Ivana Martinčić (Croatia, Elite)
Jana Adamkova (Czech Republic, Elite)
Olga Zadinova (Czech Republic, Elite)
Lina Lehtovaara (Finland, Elite)
Stéphanie Frappart (France, Elite)
Florence Guillemin (France, Elite)
Riem Hussein (Germany, Elite)
Bibiana Steinhaus (Germany, Elite)
Katalin Anna Kulcsár (Hungary, Elite)
Sandra Braz Bastos (Portugal, Elite)
Anastasia Pustovoitova (Russia, Elite)
Lorraine Watson (Scotland, Elite)
Pernilla Larsson (Sweden, Elite)
Sara Persson (Sweden, Elite)
Esther Staubili (Switzerland, Elite)
Kateryna Monzul (Ukraine, Elite)

Katalin Kulcsár. Hungary's only elite referee.

A selection of officials from Category 1 will also be attending.

Men First
Georgi Kabakov (Bulgaria, Category 1)
Xavier Estrada Fernández (Spain, Category 1)
José María Sánchez Martínez (Spain, Category 1)
Mattias Gestranius (Finland, Category 1)
Ruddy Buquet (France, Category 1)
Daniel Siebert (Germany, Category 1)
Tobias Stieler (Germany, Category 1)
Marco Guida (Italy, Category 1)
Davide Massa (Italy, Category 1)
Gediminas Mažeika (Lithuania, Category 1)
Andris Treimanis (Latvia, Category 1)
Serdar Gözübüyük (Netherlands, Category 1)
Robert Madden (Scotland, Category 1)
Srđan Jovanović (Serbia, Category 1)
Andreas Ekberg (Sweden, Category 1)
Ali Palabıyık (Turkey, Category 1)
Women First
Rebecca Welch (England, Category 1)
Eleni Antoniou (Greece, Category 1)
Eszter Urbán (Hungary, Category 1)
Elvira Nurmustafina (Kazakhstan, Category 1)
Ivana Projkovska (North Macedonia, Category 1)
Ewa Augustyn (Poland, Category 1)
Monika Mularczyk (Poland, Category 1)
Silvia Andreia Rosa Domingos (Portugal, Category 1)
Petra Pavlikova (Slovakia, Category 1)
Marta Frías Acedo (Spain, Category 1)
Marta Huerta de Aza (Spain, Category 1)
Tess Olofsson (Sweden, Category 1)
Melis Özçiğdem (Turkey, Category 1)
Cheryl Foster (Wales, Category 1)
Finally, a large pool of specialised VAR referees will be attending:
Stuart Attwell (England, Category 2)
Christopher Kavanagh (England, Category 2)
Craig Pawson (England, Category 1)
Paul Tierney (England, Category 2)
Ricardo de Burgos Bengoechea (Spain, Category 2)
Alejandro José Hernández Hernández (Spain, Category 2)
Juan Martínez Munuera (Spain, Category 2)
Jérôme Brisard (France, Category 2)
François Letexier (France, Category 1)
Benoît Millot (France, Category 2)
Bastian Dankert (Germany, Category 2)
Christian Dingert (Germany, Category 2)
Sascha Stegemann (Germany, Category 2)
Anastasios Papapetrou (Greece, Category 2)
Roi Reinshreiber (Israel, Category 2)
Marco Di Bello (Italy, Category 2)
Michael Fabbri (Italy, Category 2)
Massimiliano Irrati (Italy, Category 2)
Paolo Valeri (Italy, Category 2)
Dennis Johan Higler (Netherlands, Category 2)
Kevin Blom (Netherlands, Former FIFA)
Bas Nijhuis (Netherlands, Category 1)
Pol van Boekel (Netherlands, Former FIFA)
Bartosz Frankowski (Poland, Category 2)
Pawel Gil (Poland, Category 1)
Luís Miguel Branco Godinho (Portugal, Category 3)
Tiago Bruno Lopes Martins (Portugal, Category 1)
João Pedro Silva Pinheiro (Portugal, Category 2)
Vitaliy Meshkov (Russia, Category 2)
Mete Kalkavan (Turkey, Category 2)

Viktor Kassai appointed head of Refereeing in Russia

Following the news of his retirement it has now been confirmed that Viktor Kassai has been appointed head of refereeing in Hungary. The Russian Football Union have officially announced the appointment on their website György Ring, Kassai's trusted #1 Assistant for many years has been given a position on the referee committee and will be working with Kassai in Russia.

Ashot Khachaturyants , Chairman of the RFU Judicial Committee:

- The RFU completed the search for candidates for the posts of heads of the refereeing department and the inspection department. The key selection criteria were both professional judicial qualities, as well as the skills of team and systemic work on the implementation of the refereeing reform, taking into account the use of modern technologies. Viktor Kassai has extensive international experience and a desire to build the most modern referee community in Russia. We found a professional and independent person for whom successful work in our country will become an ambitious challenge. The main tasks of Kassai at his post are the management of referees; development of uniform interpretations of the rules of the game and their implementation; evaluation of the work of referees; participation in the appointment of referees for matches; joint with the RFU CC, the construction of the entire system of training judges, starting with regional schools.

Victor Kassai , head of the refereeing department:

- I want to thank the leaders of the Russian Football Union for the invitation to a responsible position. I recently ended my career as an referee, and the opportunity to create a new judiciary is a very interesting task for me. I am sure that thanks to our joint work we will be able to bring refereeing in Russia to a fundamentally new level. In February, I will meet with all the Russian referees during the training camp, and we will begin to implement our strategy. 

Congratulations and Good Luck Viktor.

Viktor Kassai & György Ring retire.

On 29th December the MLSZ officially announced the retirement of top Hungarian referee Viktor Kassai & his long time trusted senior Assistant György Ring, bringing to an end a long and distinguished career for the both of them.

Whilst he will not referee any more domestic or International games, he does not officially retire until Sunday 5th January, 2020. Today he acted as VAR in the Saudi Pro League in the match between Al-Hilal Riyadh v Al-'Adalah Al-Hulailah.

We take a look back at the main highlights of Viktors career, many of which György was right there at his side. As he steps down, he leaves with the record for the highest number of NBI matches refereed - 323. His NBI career started out 20th March 1999 in a game between Zalaegerszeg v BVSC lasting until his last game on 7th December 2019 between Debrecen v Budapest Honvéd. Along the way he has dished out 1516 yellow cards and 77 red cards.


Viktor Kassai was born on 10th September 1975 in Tatabanya, Hungary. As a young boy he played football in various age groups for Tatabanya, before taking up the whistle at age 14. Having passed his referee course in 1990 he made his debut as an Assistant Referee in June 1990 in the Hungarian Youth Leagues in a game between Szárliget v Obarok. 16 months later, in October 1991, he made his debut as a referee in the Hungarian Youth League in a match between Kecskéd v Vértessomló.

He continued refereeing in the Hungarian Youth Leagues before finally making his debut on 11.04.93, at the age of 17, in the mens league in a match between Ászár v Császár. At just 19 years old, he began refereeing in the Hungarian professional leagues where he refereed in the NB3. His debut on the NB1, Hungary's top division came on the 20.03.99 in a match between Zalaegerszeg v BVSC.

His commitment, hard work and natural talent for refereeing brought him to the attention of UEFA. He made his International debut on 24.10.2000 in the UEFA Regions Cup, while in the UEFA talent group. The match was between Plovdiv Province Bulgaria v Eastern Slovakia. He was promoted to the FIFA list of referees on 01.01.03, where he remained as one of the 23 UEFA elite list referees until his retirement. As he was promoted so young he also retires as one of the longest ever serving FIFA referees. On 01.07.13 he became one of Hungary's first 12 professional referees.

Career History

Domestic Leagues

  • 95 - 97: Nemzeti Bajnoksag 3
  • 97 - 99: Nemzeti Bajnoksag 2
  • 99 - 05.01.20: Nemzeti Bajnoksag 1


  • 01.01.03 - 05.01.20: FIFA (elite list)


Magyar Kupa

  • 20.05.08 - Bozsik Stadium in Budapest - Final 1st match - Budapest Honved v Debreceni VSC
  • 22.05.13 - Bozsik Stadium in Budapest - Final decisive - Debreceni VSC v Gyori ETO FC
  • 02.03.16 - Pancho Aréna - Quarter Final 2nd Leg - Videoton v Ferencváros

World Cup

2006 - Qualification Matches

  • 18.08.04 - Tehelna Stadium, Bratislava - pre-qualifier (Group 3) - Slovakia v Luxembourg
  • 08.06.05 - Central Stadium, Almaty - pre-qualifier (Group 2) - Kazakhstan v Turkey
  • 07.09.05 - Vetra stadium, Vilnius - pre-qualifier (Group 7) - Lithuania v Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 08.10.05 - Neo GSP Stadium, Nicosia - pre-qualifier (Group 4) - Cyprus v Republic of Ireland

2010 - Qualification Matches

  • 10.09.08 - Olympic Stadium, Helsinki - pre-qualifier (Group 4) - Finland v Germany
  • 11.10.08 - Inonu Stadium in Istanbul - pre-qualifier (Group 5) - Turkey v Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 09.09.09 - Dynamo Stadium in Minsk - pre-qualifier (Group 6) - Belarus v Ukraine
  • 10.10.09 - National Stadium in Riffa - AFC / OFC Zone Final - Bahrain v New Zealand

2010 - Tournament

  • 15.06.10 - Ellis Park Stadium, Johannesburg - Group G - Brazil v North Korea
  • 22.06.10 - Royal Bafokeng Stadium, Rustenburg - Group A - Uruguay v Mexico
  • 26.06.10 - Royal Bafokeng Stadium, Rustenburg - Round of 16 - Ghana v America
  • 07.07.10 - Moses Mabhida Stadium, Durban - Semi Final - Spain v Germany

2014 - Qualification Matches

  • 12.10.12 - Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow - pre-qualifier (Group F) - Russia v Portugal
  • 26.03.13 - France Stadium in Saint-Denis - pre-qualifier (Group I) - France v Spain
  • 15.10.13 -  Vasil Levski Stadium in Sofia - pre-qualifier (Group B) - Bulgaria v Czech Republic

2018 - Qualification Matches

  • 05.09.2016 - Rajko Mitic - pre-qualifier (Group D) - Serbia v Republic of Ireland

U20 World Cup


  • 03.07.07 - Olympic Stadium, Montreal - Qualification (Group D) - Brazil v South Korea
  • 06.07.07 - Frank Clair Stadium in Ottawa - Qualification (Group E) - Argentina v North Korea
  • 12.07.07 - Olympic Stadium, Montreal - Round of 16 - Mexico v Congo


  • 24.06.13 - Kadir Has Stadium in Kayseri - Qualification (Group B) - Cuba v Nigeria
  • 29.06.13 - Akdeniz University Stadium in Antalya - Qualification (Group F) - Uruguay v Uzbekistan

U17 World Cup


  • 26.10.09 - Sani Abacha Stadium, Kano - Group E - Spain v USA
  • 29.20.09 - Ahmadou Bello Stadium, Kaduna - Group F - Uruguay v Algeria
  • 08.11.09 - Gateway Stadium in Ijebu-Ode - Quarter Final - Switzerland v Italy

European Championship

2008 - Qualification Matches

  • 11.10.06 - Dinamo Stadium, Minsk - pre-qualifier (Group G) - Belarus v Slovenia
  • 02.06.07 - A.Le Coq Arena, Tallinn - pre-qualifier (Group G) - Estonia v Croatia
  • 22.08.07 - Ratina Stadium, Tampere - pre-qualifier (Group A) - Finland v Kazakhstan
  • 17.10.07 - La Beaujoire Stadium in Nantes - pre-qualifier (Group B) - France v Lithuania

2008 - Tournament (As 4th Official)

  • 07.06.08 - Stade de Geneve, Geneva - Group A - Portugal v Turkey
  • 12.06.08 - Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna - Group B - Austria v Poland
  • 17.06.08 - Letzigrund, Zurich - Group C - France v Italy

2012 - Qualification Matches

  • 03.09.10 - Wembley Stadium, London - pre-qualifier (Group G) - England v Bulgaria
  • 25.03.11 - Nuevo Los Carmenes Stadium, Granada - pre-qualifier (Group I) - Spain v Czech Republic
  • 02.09.11 - Dinamo Stadium, Minsk - pre-qualifier (Group D) - Belarus v Bosnia and Herzegovina
  • 11.11.11 - A.Le Coq Arena, Tallinn - Play-offs - Estonia v Republic of Ireland

2012 - Tournament

  • 10.06.12 - PGE Arena Gdansk - Group C - Spain v Italy
  • 19.06.12 - Donbass Arena, Donetsk - Group D - England v Ukraine

2016 - Qualification Matches

  • 11.10.14 - Elbasan Arena - pre-qualifier (Group I) - Albania v Denmark
  • 06.09.15 - Ullevâl Stadion - pre-qualifier (Group H) - Norway v Croatia
  • 08.10.15 - Hampden Park - pre-qualifier (Group D) - Scotland v Poland

2016 - Tournament

  • 10.06.16 - Stade de France - Group A - France v Romania
  • 17.06.16 - Stadium Municipal - Group E - Italy v Sweden
  • 02.07.16 - Matmut Atlantique - Quarter Final - Germany v Italy
  • 10.07.16 - Stade de France - Final (*4th Official) - Portugal v France

U19 European Championship


  • 18.07.05 - Windsor Park Stadium, Belfast - Group A - Northern Ireland v Greece
  • 20.07.05 - Arena Showgrounds, Ballymena - Group B - Germany v England
  • 26.07.05 - Mourneview Park Stadium, Lurgan - Semi Final - Serbia and Montenegro v England



  • 10.08.08 - Central Stadium, Shanghai - Group A - Argentina v Australia
  • 23.08.08 - National Stadium, Beijing - Final (Gold medal Match) - Nigeria v Argentina

FIFA Club World Cup


  • 11.12.16 -International Stadium, Yokohama - Round 2 - Jeonbuk Hyundai v CF América
  • 14.12.16 - Suita City Soccer Stadium - Semi Final - Atlético Nacional v Kashima Antlers
  • 18.12.16 - International Stadium, Yokohama - Final (*4th Official) - Real Madrid v Kashima Antlers

Notable International Matches

UEFA Europa League

  • 08.04.10 - Volkswagen Arena, Wolfsburg - Quarter Final 2nd leg - Wolfsburg v Fulham
  • 14.04.11 - Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow - Quarter Final 2nd leg - Spartak Moscow v FC Porto
  • 10.04.14 - Mestalla, Valencia - Quarter Final 2nd leg - Valencia v Basel

UEFA Champions League

  • 28.05.11 - Wembley Stadium, London - Final - Barcelona v Manchester United
  • 25.04.12 - Santiago Bernabeu Stadium, Madrid - Semi Final 2nd leg - Real Madrid v Bayern Munich
  • 23.04.13 - Allianz Arena, Munich - Semi Final 1st leg - Bayern Munich v Barcelona
  • 28.05.16 - Giuseppe Meazza Stadium - Final (*4th Official) - Real Madrid v Atlético Madrid

Emir of Qatar Cup

  • 21.05.11 - Central Stadium, Doha - Final - Al-Rayyan v Al Grarafa

2013 Gulf Cup of Nations

  • 06.01.13 - Khalifa Sports City Stadium, Isa Town - Group B - Saudi Arabia vs Iraq
  • 11.01.13 - Bahrain National Stadium, Riffa - Group A - Bahrain vs Qatar

Thank you for always trying to represent your country to the best of your abilities and good luck in your future endeavors.

Kassai & Solymosi joint referee of the year!

Approaching the end of the year, csakfoci.hu is entering its fifth, exclusive voting for the fifth time. Our site has selected 2019 top 5 categories based on 12 NB I club owners / managers. First come the Referee of the Year!


(the order of the voters was determined according to NB I table)

Gábor Kubatov (President of Ferencváros)
István Vad II

Garancsi István (owner of MOL Fehérvár FC)
Viktor Kassai

András Tállai (President of Mezőkövesd)
Csaba Pintér

András Komjáti (club director of the Puskás Academy)
Péter Solymosi

Roderick Duchatelet (owner of Újpest)
Tamás Bognár

Gábor Kun (Managing Director of Bp. Honvéd)
Péter Solymosi

Attila Révész (Sports Director of Kisvárda)
Zoltán Iványi

Gábor Szima (Chairman of the DVSC)
József Erdős

Tamás Leisztinger (owner of DVTK)
Péter Solymosi

Zsolt Haraszti (Managing Director of Paks FC)
József Erdős

Gábor Végh (owner of ZTE FC)
Viktor Kassai

János Illés (managing director of Kaposvár)
Viktor Kassai


1. Viktor Kassai  and  Péter Solymosi  - 3-3 votes

2. József Erdős - 2 votes

3-8. Tamás Bognár, Zoltán Iványi, Csaba Pintér, István Vad II - 1-1 vote

From focibiro

Denying a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity (DOGSO - explained)

Commonly referred to by commentators as an offence committed by “the last man”, however this is not strictly true as there may still be the goalkeeper to beat depending upon the exact set of circumstances.

The foul itself does not need to take place in the penalty area, it can be some distance out and depends on 4 main criteria being met. It is also not a specific offence in terms of the foul itself which can be handball, pulling, pushing, a kick or even a tackle. The offence is that the action directly denies a goal or an obvious goal scoring opportunity.

To differentiate between a simple foul and a foul committed as a DOGSO the following criteria needs to be considered:

1: The distance between the offence and the goal.  The closer it is to the penalty and goal areas the more likely the criteria would be satisfied.  It’s not only the proximity, but also the area of the pitch, centrally in and around the penalty area is likely to satisfy the criteria, being right out on a touchline near the corner for example wouldn’t. 

2: The general direction of play. If the striker has his back to goal or is side on looking to play the ball to an opponent then it will not fit the criteria for DOGSO. He needs to be in a position to be able to be about to take a shot or in the process of lining up a shot.

3: Likelihood of keeping or gaining control of the ball.  This can be applied equally to the striker and to the defender. In relation to the striker, he does not have to have the ball actually at his feet, he could be running onto a pass from a team mate that, without the action of the defender/goalkeeper, he would have collected and had a shot on target, for example. In relation to the defender he needs to have a chance of winning the ball, for example by a clean, well timed tackle.  If the striker has got away from the defender and the only means to stop him getting a shot away is to push him over or pull him back then the defender does not have any possibility of playing the ball and therefore no chance of “gaining control of the ball”.

4: The location and number of other defenders, which includes the goalkeeper.  There is no set distance specified but the general rule is that if there is a covering defender or goalkeeper within range to make a tackle then the criteria for DOGSO are unlikely to be met. If the goalkeeper is stranded, has already committed to diving one way, leaving the player the opportunity to chip over him or shoot the other side of him or is the player making a last ditch tackle then the DOGSO criteria is liable to be met. If another defender, including the goalkeeper is in a close enough position to make a lawful tackle or attempt a save then the criteria will not be met.

If all of the criteria for DOGSO are met then the next consideration for the referee is whether he will punish the offence with a red or yellow card.  If it is a handball offence, including a goalkeeper using his hands outside of the penalty area, then it is a red card offence. Holding a player, pulling him back, pushing him or where there is no possibility of playing the ball it will also be a red card inside or outside the penalty area. 

What has changed is that double jeopardy has now been removed inside the penalty are, where there is a genuine attempt to play the ball.  This is to stop the defending team from having a penalty and red card against them from a genuine attempt at a tackle.  A tackle that would see a red card anywhere else on the pitch, such as a reckless 2 footed, studs up tackle, would still see a red card but a slightly mistimed tackled where the defender may even play the ball but then take the striker down with his trailing leg will no longer be a red card.

Just as a side note - playing the ball does not negate a foul.  Every game players indicate “but I played the ball ref” like that prevents a foul - it does not! You can play the ball all day long but if you then take out the opponent with the follow through it is a foul. It is very simple!

The exact wording as per the Laws of the Game: 

Law 12: Fouls & Misconduct

Denying a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity 

Where a player denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity by a handball offence, the player is sent off wherever the offence occurs.

Where a player commits an offence against an opponent within their own penalty area which denies an opponent an obvious goal-scoring opportunity and the referee awards a penalty kick, the offender is cautioned if the offence  was an attempt to play the ball; in all other circumstances (e.g. holding, pulling, pushing, no possibility to play the ball etc.) the offending player must be sent off.

A player, sent-off player, substitute or substituted player who enters the field of  play without the required referee’s permission and interferes with play or an opponent and denies the opposing team a goal or an obvious goal-scoring opportunity is guilty of a sending-off offence.

The following must be considered:

  • Distance between the offence and the goal;
  • General direction of play;
  • Likelihood of keeping or gaining control of the ball;
  • location and number of defenders.

No changes to the men's FIFA list of referees.

UEFA have finalised the categories for the Men's FIFA list of referees from January 2020 & we have seen no change to our men's list in Hungary.

Elite Category
Viktor Kassai (HUN - 1975),

First Category
Tamás Bognár (HUN - 1978)
István Vad (HUN - 1979)

Second Category
Ádám Farkas (HUN - 1982)

Third Category
Balázs Berke (HUN - 1984)
Ferenc Karakó (HUN - 1983)